The heart of the letter excoriates such bad teachers as being guided merely by their own vanity and greed, rather than by faith. These false teachers and false prophets will be punished by God for their actions, just as God harshly punished others centuries ago.
The main hope of the letter, though, is for Christians to understand that good teaching isn't about unraveling mysteries. The Holy Spirit has provided the church with plenty of knowledge through prophecy and the life and example of Jesus. Instead, people need to simply live out this knowledge in faithful and ultimately loving ways, persevering in their faith.